Considered a multifactorial disease, the main contributors which stand out are genetic predisposition and sebaceous hypersecretion. It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit of polymorphous nature: comedos (either open and closed), papules, pustules, nodules, cysts, and scars; which affect 85% of teens and a negligible percentage of adults.
Treatment is informed by clinical history and a thorough physical examination, since it should be individualized depending on the degree of severity and the patient's state of health. In most cases, there will be collaboration with Cosmetology, in order to establish proper care for this particular lesion, in addition to the corresponding medical treatment Dermatology elects. Depending on the severity of the acne, we proceed in three essential steps: the first, topical level (specific creams, specific soaps), the second, systemic level (Oral antibiotics) the third, systemic level (treatment with oral isotretinoin).