Acne is an inflammatory pathology that affects approximately 80% of the population at some point in their lives, with a peak of involvement between the ages of 17 and 19. Its signs are different lesions on the skin, generally on the face, which correspond to papules, pustules and comedones; and in the most serious cases with nodules, cysts and scars.
Its origin may have one or more of the following causes, hence the difficulty in eliminating it:
In summer, the sun and seawater, which have an anti-inflammatory effect, can improve inflammation, but sometimes there is a subsequent flare-up due to the use of greasy sunscreens and the skin's defence against the sun, causing a thickening that can worsen inflammation.
As for diet, the only scientifically based aspect is that foods with a high glycaemic index (such as sugar) and dairy products can overstimulate the sebaceous glands and worsen acne.
Make-up and cosmetics must be oil free and non-comedogenic in order NOT to worsen the condition.
• Topically: This consists of gels and soaps to clean the sebum; and keratolytics and exfoliants to desquamate the skin and reduce the number of bacteria. They can be combined with antibiotics.
• With oral treatments: Based on antibiotics, isotretinoin (the famous Roacutan) or hormonal treatments in cases of hyperandrogenism.
They should be carried out in the non-active phase of the acne and there are different options:
You can see that there are several reasons that can cause acne and although it is a complex and difficult condition to eliminate, at Clínica Áureo we encourage you to make an appointment with our Dermatologist. We will try to find a definitive solution to your case or, if not, an improvement that will allow you to forget about this problem and recover your best version of yourself.