The hypocaloric diet is simply based on reduced caloric intake. When the desired weight loss is modest (5-10% of total weight), we can plan a meal containing all macronutrients (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins) in ordinary proportions but in smaller amounts, so that consumption of less energy makes us use the reserves accumulated and lose weight.
It is always accompanied by adequate physical activity and an adequate intake of micronutrients. Check-ups can be carried out weekly or fortnightly, in which weight is measured, a review of the regimen is performed, and doubts are resolved.
The end goal of this diet is a nutritional and lifestyle readjustment, in order to preserve the results achieved, so that the patient adopts a healthy, balanced diet and adequate physical exercise as a habit.