Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer, with a higher incidence in men than in women. Its location is most often on the head or neck, and although its incidence continues to increase, its mortality rate is diminishing.
These are tumors which appear as shiny pearly spots with well defined edges and a hard, permeating consistency. They may have a hue from erythematous to violet. Dermatological study using a dermatoscope is essential to identify this tumor's telltale patterns.
Treatment should be surgical, and because ultraviolet radiation is the most significant risk factor for its occurrence, sun protection is a fundamental pillar of prevention.
Patients with a history of basal cell carcinoma should have a regular checkup performed by the dermatologist.