Atopic dermatitis is a typical childhood disease, although there are (generally more severe) cases in adulthood. It is a common disease affecting affecting between 10-20% of the general population. It is a chronic inflammatory and pruriginous illness of varying course. Its cause is multifactorial and genetics also plays an important role. It is associated with a state of hypersensitivity to various allergens.
The most frequent clinical lesions are erythematous plaques in creases of the skin (antecubital and popliteal fossa), sometimes even cracking from the associated inflammation.
The key to treatment is hydration of the skin. Standard measures include education of the patient, elimination of potential allergens, dietary recommendations, decrease heat, use of cotton garments, etc. For treatment, the gold standard remains topical corticosteroids, but in select cases. of multiple outbreaks, we can use treatment "corticosteroid replacements". In more severe cases, or for adults, other therapies can be implemented in accordance with severity, such as phototherapy or systemic treatments.